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Where Is the Advantage ? The Case of Public Funding of Infrastructure and Broadband Networks

Phedon Nicolaides, Maria Kleis


I. Introduction Public funding of „general infrastructure“ is not state aid and, therefore, is in principle not prohibited by Article 87(1) of the EC Treaty. The reason is that this kind of public funding does not confer an advantage to any specific undertaking. By contrast, public funding of „user-specific infrastructure“ does confer an advantage to certain undertakings and is normally regarded to be a form of state aid. However, in practice it


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