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State Aid to Social Enterprises: the Polish Case

Aleksandra Szymańska, Marc Jegers

Social enterprises build trust among themselves by using business ethics to guide them. The aim of reducing social inequality, through the inclusion of local businesses, not only brings the benefit of inclusion but also reduces the cost of social inequality. In a similar vein to the governments of other member states, the Polish government is attempting to create a single legal framework, whereby social enterprises are promoted. However, there is a lack of discussion with regard to drafting a framework on social enterprises. The authors recommend a bottom-up approach as regards the formulating of State aid policy at the national level. Financial cooperation between the State and local authorities would help to solve many urgent matters. This paper discusses the degree of importance of State aid for Polish social enterprises. There are differences in the extent of State aid granted to sectors of the economy, as well as differing legal requirements. It is posited that there is a discrepancy between those social enterprises which attract more and those which attract less State aid.
Keywords: Social enterprises, Public sources, Income structure

This research has been carried out in the framework of an Interuniversity Attraction Pole funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office under the title “If not for Profit, for What and How?”, coordinated by Jacques Defourny (Université de Liège). Aleksandra Szymańska and Marc Jegers are both at the Department of Applied Economics of the Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Belgium.


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