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The Pricing of Access to Publicly-Funded Research Infrastructure and State Aid Rules

Phedon Nicolaides

The new rules on State aid for R&D&Innovation introduce significant clarifications on the concept of R&D that does not constitute economic activity and the conditions under which public funding of non-economic activities can be combined with State aid to economic activities. This paper provides examples of how R&D services of research organisations and access to research infrastructure can be priced so that State aid to users is avoided.
Keywords: GBER, R&D&I Framework, Research Infrastructure.

Professor at the College of Europe and University of Maastricht. I am grateful to Adina Claici, Olga Simeon and Gibran Watfe for comments on an earlier draft. I am solely responsible for the views expressed in this article. I have also benefited from the discussion at a multilateral meeting between Member States officials and officials from DG Competition and DG Regional Policy of the European Commission. The meeting took place on 27 January 2016 in Brussels.


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