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Presumed v Actual Compatibility of State Aid · Case C-654/17 P BMW v Commission · Annotation by Phedon Nicolaides

Annotation on the Judgment of the Court of Justice (Fifth Chamber) of 29 July 2019 in Case C-654/17 P Bayerische Motoren Werke AG v European Commission

Phedon Nicolaides


Phedon Nicolaides is Professor at the University of Maastricht and Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, Bruges and LUISS University, Rome.I am grateful to Peter Staviczky for insightful comments on an earlier draft.An earlier version of this article appeared on StateAidUncovered which can be accessed at: <>.


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