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The Concepts of State Resources and Imputability in a Case of Aid Granted Through an Intermediary · Case T-607/17 Volotea · Annotation by Federico Macchi

Annotation of the Judgment of the General Court of the European Union (First Chamber) of 13 May 2020 in Case T-607/17 Volotea v European Commission

Federico Macchi


Keywords: State resources, imputability, intermediary, aviation, airports, airlines

The judgment concerns a case of aid granted by national authorities to airlines, through airports operators which were found to be acting as mere intermediaries. In the reasoning of the Court, the first question to establish the presence of aid in favour of airlines was the presence of State resources and imputability to the State of the transfer made by the airports operators to the airlines. This note aims at providing some thoughts on the application of the criteria on State resources and imputability, and their interaction.

Federico Macchi, associate lawyer at the Brussels offices of Gianni Origoni Grippo Cappelli & Partners - Registered with the Italian and Belgian bars - LLM at Ghent University, MA at School of Economics of Warsaw. The views expressed are personal and do not necessarily reflect the position of the firm. The author would like to thank Elisa Ramponi for her contribution. For correspondence: <>.


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